July 23, 2014

Optimization Intermediate Results

by Oleg Dzhimiev


    Running OSLO’s optimization has shown that having a single operand defined is probably not enough. During the optimization run the program computes the derivative matrix for the operands and solves the least squares normal equations. The iterations are repeated with various values of the damping factor in order to determine the optimal value of the damping factor.
    So, extra operands were added to split the initial error function – each new operand’s value is a contribution to the spot size (blurring) calculated for each color, aberration and certain image heights. See Fig.1 for formulas.

Fig.1 Extra Operands

Fig.1 Extra Operands


July 1, 2014

Defining Error Function for Optical Design optimization (in OSLO)

by Oleg Dzhimiev


The Error Function calculates the 4th root of the average of the 4th power spot sizes over several angles of the field of view.




June 30, 2014

Open Hardware Lens for Eyesis4π camera

by Oleg Dzhimiev



Elphel has embarked on a new project, somewhat different from our main field of designing digital cameras, but closely related to the camera applications and aimed to further improve image quality of Eyesis4π camera. Eyesis4π is a high resolution full-sphere panoramic and stereophotogrammetric camera. It is a tiled multi-sensor system with a single sensor’s format of 1/2.5″. The specific requirement of such system is uniform angular resolution, since there is no center in a panoramic image.


December 19, 2012

Sensor+Lens Tool

by Oleg Dzhimiev

There’s a number of online lens calculators already and this one is not conceptually different – the focus is on the current sensor we use and the main feature is visualization done in HTML canvas using jCanvas.

February 22, 2012

Run ImageJ plugins from the command line in Ubuntu

by Oleg Dzhimiev

1. Get X Virtual FrameBuffer
sudo apt-get install xvfb

2. Launch ImageJ (“cd” to the ij.jar directory):
Xvfb :15 &
DISPLAY=:15 java -Xmx12288m -jar ij.jar -run "TestIJ Plugin"


  • TestIJ Plugin is the name of the compiled plugin in the ImageJ menu. No need to specify a subfolder.
  • :15 is an example.

Links that helped:

  1. Source 1
  2. Source 2
  3. Source 3

October 21, 2011


by Oleg Dzhimiev

We made a new Live USB version of Elphel Toolkit.

It is available for downloading here.


It is an entire Operating System that can be booted from a USB drive or DVD (of course you can install it on your computer as well) and comes with all Elphel relevant software preinstalled. As the basis we chose Kubuntu 10.04 LTS (Long Term Support distribution) 32-bit which is supported by its developers until April 2013. Everything described on our Software Kit wiki page is preinstalled. That allows you to update the camera firmware (reflash), play a live video-stream from a camera and also build a custom firmware image for the camera. (more…)

October 12, 2011

Elphel-Eyesis-4π preassembly stage

by Oleg Dzhimiev

We have finally received the parts for Elphel-Eyesis-4π camera and started assembling them hoping that all will fit together as we planned. And for the most part they do, which seems a bit like magic to us: you design the camera on the computer in a 3D CAD program, make a long list of parts it will consist of and then a couple months later it all turns into physical object, not just a virtual 3D design.

Of course some of the parts will need minor modifications – some are due to mistakes made by us, and some are manufacturing problems. But none of them were significant enough to prevent us from assembling the first 3 prototypes, that will be 100% operational spherical panorama cameras. Elphel-Eyesis-4π is the second generation Panoramic Imaging System by Elphel Inc. It is able to capture high-resolution images in full 360 degrees and create 4π (in steridians) spherical panoramas at a high frame rate. The actual recording device consists of a weatherproof camera head that contains the image sensor front-ends and lenses in spherical distribution to cover the entire 360 degree area. The rest of the electronic components as well as the SSDs for data storage are contained inside the camera pole.

Elphel-Eyesis-4π covers a full sphere. 24 sensors (8 in horizontal array, 8 pointing at +30 to + 90 degree (zenith) and 8 pointing at -30 to -90 degree (nadir) ensure a uniform high resolution distribution over the entire covered area. A new Internal Measurement Unit (IMU) mounted at the top of the camera pole provides high resolution 3D position and orientation of the camera.

Fig.1. Test assembly.

Fig.2. 3D CAD rendering.


September 16, 2011


by Oleg Dzhimiev

We are proud to add a new product and camera KIT to the Elphel portfolio. See the pricelist.

The NC353L-369-IMU/GPS is a new camera configuration with an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and optional GPS receiver. In addition to storing the geographical coordinates with each captured image in a video stream this allows to also save 3D orientation (yaw, pitch and roll) and 3D acceleration (Six Degrees of Freedom Inertial Sensor) of the camera at the moment of capturing an image at very high precision (2400 samples/second). A detailed description can be found in the previous post.

June 15, 2011

Eyesis outdoor panorama sets and the Viewer/Editor

by Andrey Filippov

WebGL Panorama Editor (view mode)

WebGL Panorama Editor (view mode)

This April we attached Eyesis camera to a backpack and took it to the Southern Utah. Unfortunately I did not finish the IMU hardware then so we could rely only on a GPS for tagging the imagery. GPS alone can work when the camera is on the car, but with a camera moving at pedestrian speed (images were taken 1-1.5 meters apart) it was insufficient even in the open areas with a clear view of the sky. Additionally, camera orientation was changing much more than when it is attached to a car that moves (normally) in the direction the wheels can roll. Before moving forward with the IMU data processing we decided to try to orient/place some of the imagery we took manually – just by looking through the panoramas, adjusting the camera heading/tilt/roll to make them look level and oriented so the next camera location matches the map. Just tweaking the KML file with the text editor seemed impractical to adjust hundreds of panoramic images so we decided to add more functionality to our simple WebGL panorama viewer, make it suitable for both walking through the panorama sets and for the editing orientations and locations of the camera spots. (more…)

March 30, 2011

Google API V3: Custom StreetView

by Oleg Dzhimiev

UPD: Google has updated their Salt Lake City images in their StreetView – so, the comparison is better now.

Click here for the active view (resizeable)


Works in Firefox 4.0 and Chrome. Does NOT work in Firefox 3.6.X.

The above sample shows how custom panoramas (in our case: a panorama we shot with our Elphel Eyesis) can be integrated in a custom StreetView.

Elphel Eyesis images is the top-left window. The top-right window is the current (lower resolution) official Google Street View in Salt Lake City supposedly made by the 2nd or 3rd generation of GSV cameras.

The Open Street Map is for switching between the available panorama points and the Google Map with a pegman is filling the otherwise unused space at the same time generously showing the view direction.


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